Paul Cezanne was born on 19th January 1839 at Aix-en-Provence, France. The son of a prosperous banker, who dominated and terrified him but provided the financial security which over-rode the general indifference to his work up till the final decade of his life. His art was misunderstood and discredited by the public during most of his life. Shortly before his father’s death he married Hortense Fiquet, model, seamstress, mistress and mother to his son, whom he had kept secret.
Cezanne devoted himself to his favourite themes ‘portraits of his wife, still life’s and landscapes of Provence e.g ‘La Route Montante’. Cezanne never identified himself with the and maybe considered a impressionists post-impressionist. He wanted to achieve a balance between colour and design, tone and form, by using ‘planes’ or surfaces of colour which merged to ultimately clash in the sun, he had launched ‘Cubism’.
His work has exercised a profound influence on 20th century art. His diligent pursuit of the structural analysis of nature in order to create something permanent helped him to realise his ambition. He died at Aix-en-Provence on 22nd October 1906.
”I wanted to make something solid and permanent out of Impressionism, like art in museums”